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Related post: within the stomach and the other on the abdominal
wall, j:he faradaic current does not bring on a con-
traction of the stomach, and this even in such
short distances as exist in frogs! Nevertheless, Eiuhorn
calmly draws his above-quoted exactly opposite conclu-
sion: " 3. If one electrode is within the stomach and the
other applied to some part of the body ... a faradaic
current of medium strength . . . produces peristaltic
contractions of the stomach in addition to the contrac-
tions of the part at which the outside electrode is held " !
Further comment is surely not required.
VI. Dr. Einhorn was carried away in his, to say the
least, very hasty work by his zeal to' defend direct fara-
dization as a therapeutic measure. But what made him
assume that I had attacked it? I only stated that direct
and cutaneous faradization did not produce a contraction
of the stomach in the animals I had experimented with.
I did not say that the same conditions must prevail in
human beings, and I did not deny that faradization could
produce other useful effects besid€s contractions of the
stomach. And why was Dr. Einhorn more annoyed by
my statements than by the statements of those who went
even further than I did. Moritz,* for instance, has
found that direct faradization, the inner electrode be-
ing in the fundus or in the pyloric part, does not cause
any contraction of the human stomach, as judged by
the change in the " internal pressure " of the stom-
ach. And Goldschmidt f goes so far as to state that
neither the faradaic nor the galvanic current has either a
motor or a secretory effect; the latter point in direct Silagra 25
contradiction to the statement of Einhorn, to whose fig-
ures Goldschmidt does not attach much importance.
This Goldschmidt states in the " physiological part "
of his article; in the " clinical part " he simply reports
a number of stomach cases which were improved by
treatment with electricity, and confesses that he is un-
able to offer any explanation of the therapeutic results.
Why was Dr. Einhorn not charitable enough to assume
that I might hold a similar position to that of Gold-
schmidt? He would have saved himself and me the
trouble and the annoyance of a perfectly superfluous con-
VII. Dr. Einhorn, in his article, has simply stated
that the results wliich he found in his experiments were
in contrast to those stated by me, leaving to the reader
the choice between my ability or my veracity, as to
wliich should be held responsible for my statements.
Were I myself to have the selection, I should decidedly
prefer to have my ability doubted than my veracity. Ap-
plying the same rule to Dr. Einhorn, 1 have so far avoided
supporting my statements by reference to competent men
of science who witnessed my experiments, and who can tes-
tify in behalf of the truthfulness of my statements, thus
leaving Dr. Einhorn in a similar dilemma, or rather in a
worse one than he chose to put me in. However, there
will yet remain some readers, especially those whose
clear judgment is biased by the same motives which mis-
led Einhorn, who will not be convinced by my argu-
ments. For the benefit of such readers, and in justice
to myself, I wish to make the following personal state-
My work was done in the physiological laboratory
of the College of Physicians and Surgeons in the winter
of 1894r-'95. I was then working on the problem of the
eft'ect of the vagus upon the contractions of the stomach.
In the course of this research I came to stimulate the
stomach directly with the faradaic current, and then
made the surprising observations under discussion. I
worked out these observations systematically on many
animals. I had no practical object whatsoever in view
while pursuing this study, and certainly did not think of
interfering with any one's therapeutic preferences. I
wish to say in my own behalf that, though being my-
self a practitioner and intensely interested in the proper
advancement of practical medicine, I make it a point
* Loc. at.
f Deutsch. Archiv fiir kliniwhe Mediziit, vol. Ivi, p. 295.
MELTZER: FARADIZATION OF THE STOMACH Discount Silagra OF ANIMALS. [N. T. Med. Jotjb.,
never to permit any practical considerations to enter
into the selection and pursuit of a purely scientific, a
physiological, or a biological problem. I have two
reasons for it: one is a personal one — it is Silagra Uk my in-
clination; the other is founded in my firm belief that
one arrives, in the solution of a problem, much nearer
the truth the less his judgment is biased by practical
motives, and that an unbiased truth will be of more
practical service than one discovered to order.
I have often called upon my friends in the laboratory
to witness the phenomena, to confirm or to contradict, and
to discuss their meaning. In the course of this winter,
too, I have again taken up the same line of experiments,
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